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The Parthenon (; Ancient Greek: Παρθενών; Greek: Παρθενώνας, Parthenónas) is a former temple, on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the peak of its power. It was completed in 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered the zenith of the Doric order. Its decorative sculptures are considered some of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy and western civilization, and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments. To the Athenians who built it, the Parthenon and other Periclean monuments of the Acropolis, were seen fundamentally as a celebration of Hellenic victory over the Persian invaders and as a thanksgiving to the gods for that victory. The Greek Ministry of Culture is currently carrying out a programme of selective restoration and reconstruction to ensure the stability of the partially ruined structure. The Parthenon itself replaced an older temple of Athena, which historians call the Pre-Parthenon or Older Parthenon, that was destroyed in the Persian invasion of 480 BC. The temple is archaeoastronomically aligned to the Hyades. Like most Greek temples, the Parthenon served a practical purpose as the city treasury. For a time, it served as the treasury of the Delian League, which later became the Athenian Empire. In the final decade of the sixth century AD, the Parthenon was converted into a Christian church dedicated to the Virgin Mary. After the Ottoman conquest, it was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures. From 1800 to 1803, Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin removed some of the surviving sculptures with the alleged permission of the Ottoman Empire. These sculptures, now known as the Elgin Marbles or the Parthenon Marbles, were sold in 1816 to the British Museum in London, where they are now displayed. Since 1983 (on the initiative of Culture Minister Melina Mercouri), the Greek government has been committed to the return of the sculptures to Greece.
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9 days ago
Stunning historical piece of gold of Athens! We spent the whole day up here just absorbing the magnificent structure! Its weird how up here it is relaxing and quiet, and down below in the city its mad and manic! Apart from the pocket of crowds made by tourists, this place was perfect! The views you get are awesome, especially during sunset! Take sunscreen, a good pair of walking shoes and some water for the journey to the top!
11 days ago
I better warn you : the access is DIFFICULT. They have an elevator for disabled people but you have to manage to go there and it is very up the hill already, so you would have made the main effort already. Plus, it is only accessible if you are disabled, so if you are "only" old or not disabled enough, you could have a very hard time to manage to go there without damaging your health, depending on your state of fitness. But for those to whom it is not a problem, this is a marvel. One of the seven marvels of the ancient world. And it is not got nothing. Scaffolding are still everywhere on the back facade (the one you see when you arrive) but the front is almost without it and the renovation of the building are more and more impressive. Those blocks are huge and congratulations for those who have to bring them there. The view is superb and the context is important. You need to go there if you are in Athens.
12 days ago
The most iconic sight in Athens. Incredible beauty and unparalleled history. It's awe-inspiring and unforgettable. Be sure to bring some good shoes and a bottle of water because of the temperature and climb. It's a once in a lifetime experience.
Capt. Jibin Joseph
2 months ago
Athena is the patron of Athens. She is the Greek goddess of war, daughter of Zeus. Parthenon is an ancient temple in Athenian Acropolis dedicated to Goddess Athena. Entry free for Acropolis is 10 euros. Once you hike the mount you feel that you are walking through ancient history among men and Gods. Preservation of the ancient site is in progress and you will see in good hands. Along the way there are explanatory notes to get you up to speed. Also ask the duty security hands if you have some questions. Also English language guides are available. It is truly a treasured experience.
2 days ago
One of the most popular and famous tourist attraction in Greece, the ancient temple of Parthenon. Impressive and beautiful, at the top of the hill of Acropolis of Athens, a heritance for the entire world. Good photo opportunities, absolutely worth visiting.