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Romanian Peasant Museum

2 Hours

Estimated Time

Opening hours

  • Sunday 09:00 - 17:00
  • Tuesday 09:00 - 17:00
  • Wednesday 09:00 - 17:00
  • Thursday 09:00 - 17:00
  • Friday 09:00 - 17:00
  • Saturday 09:00 - 17:00
The National Museum of the Romanian Peasant (Romanian: Muzeul Național al Ţăranului Român) is a museum in Bucharest, Romania, with a collection of textiles (especially costumes), icons, ceramics, and other artifacts of Romanian peasant life. One of Europe's leading museums of popular arts and traditions, it was designated "European Museum of the Year" for 1996. Located on Șoseaua Kiseleff, near Piaţa Victoriei, the museum falls under the patronage of the Romanian Ministry of Culture. Its collection includes over 100,000 objects. First founded in 1906 by and originally managed by Alexandru Tzigara-Samurcaş, the museum was reopened February 5, 1990, a mere six weeks after the downfall and execution of Nicolae Ceauşescu. During the Communist era, the building housed a museum representing the country's Communist party; the museum's basement still contains a room devoted to an ironic display of some artifacts from that earlier museum. The building, which uses traditional Romanian architectural features, was built on the former site of the State Mint (Monetăria Statului). Initially intended as a museum of Romanian art, it was designed by Nicolae Ghica-Budești and built between 1912 and 1941. The building is listed as a historic monument by Romania's Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs. The museum was devastated during the June 1990 Mineriad, due to being confused with the headquarters of the National Peasants' Party. One of the museum's most famous exhibits—originally the work of Tzigara-Samurcaș—is "the house in the house". The house, which originally belonged to peasant Antonie Mogos of Ceauru village in Gorj County. From the first, the house was displayed in a non-naturalistic way: objects that would normally be in the interior were displayed in various manners outside; outbuildings were suggested by fragments. The Communist regime displayed the house much more conventionally, outdoors at the Village Museum; it returned to the Peasant Museum in 2002. The current display at the Peasant Museum revives the original non-naturalistic approach. For example, from a platform, museum visitors may peer into the attic, part of whose wall is stripped away; various objects are arranged inside. In 2002, the museum's exhibit space was greatly expanded as the museum store and offices moved into a new building behind the old one, freeing up a considerable amount of floor space in the museum proper.
  • Loredana Niculae

    3 days ago

    One of the iconic museums in Bucharest. They manage to reveal some beauty & beliefs connected to the rural life.

  • Radu Niculae

    2 months ago

    It represents Romanian rural culture and heritage. They have some extra activities, cinema, concerts, book launches, traditional food fairs. It's an absolutely wonderful representation of the past!

  • Ruth Fraser

    2 months ago

    The museum is closed for at least another year due to building restoration an attendant told me. There is a 1 room photo exhibition about Oina, a Romanian traditional sport, this can be accessed through the cafe where you can also find the shop which is a treasure trove! I gave a 4* review despite not visiting to not reduce the current rating, more to give information.

  • Shelagh Jessop

    4 months ago

    The museum was actually closed when I went but the have an awesome cafe around back that we went to twice. There is a great gift shop attached to the building as well with everything you could possibly hope to take home with you from Romania.

  • Robert VASILE

    4 months ago

    Romanian traditions, motifs, clothing and tools, all in one place. must see if you're in Bucharest. right next door from the Antipa Museum.