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Gateway Of India Mumbai

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The Gateway of India is an arch-monument built in the early twentieth-century located in the city of Mumbai, India. The monument was erected to commemorate the landing of the first British monarch in India. King-Emperor George V and Queen-Empress Mary arrived at Apollo Bunder, Mumbai (then Bombay) on 2 December 1911. Built in the Indo-Saracenic style, incorporating elements of 16th century Gujarati architecture, the foundation stone for the gateway was laid on 31 March 1911. However, during the royal visit in 1911, the gateway was not yet built and a mock cardboard structure greeted the monarch. The final design of the monument by architect George Wittet was sanctioned only in 1914, and construction was completed in 1924. The structure is a triumphal arch made of basalt, which is 26 metres (85 feet) high. After its construction the gateway was used as a symbolic ceremonial entrance to British India for important colonial personnel. It stood reflecting the majesty of the imperial British Raj in south Asia. It is also the monument from where the last British troops left India in 1948, following Indian independence. The gateway is located on the waterfront at the Apollo Bunder, in south Mumbai. It overlooks the Arabian Sea and is located at an angle, opposite to the Taj Mahal Palace and Tower Hotel. Today, the monument is synonymous with the city of Mumbai, and is amongst its prime tourist attractions. The gateway also holds significance for the local Jewish community as it has been the spot for Hanukkah celebrations, with the lighting of the menorah, since 2003. The gateway faced a terror attack in 2003, when there was a bomb blast in a taxi parked in front of it. Access to the gateway was curbed after people, including news reporters and cameramen, thronged to the gateway premises following the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks, when the Taj Hotel opposite the gateway and other locations in its vicinity were targeted. In March 2019, the state government proposed on implementing a four-step plan to develop the site and the area around it, for the convenience of tourists visiting the gateway, following a direction issued by the state governor in February 2019.

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