New York University (NYU) is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City. In 1830, then Secretary of Treasury under Thomas Jefferson, Albert Gallatin declared his intention to establish "in this immense and fast-growing city... a system of rational and practical education... opened to all." A "literary and scientific convention" held in City Hall attended by over 100 delegates debated the terms of a plan for a new university. Founded in 1831, NYU's primary campus is centrally located in Manhattan, within Greenwich Village, as well as having campuses based throughout New York City.NYU has grown into a uniquely international university, where students can study abroad at its degree-granting campuses in NYU Abu Dhabi and NYU Shanghai, as well as its 11 academic centers in Accra, Berlin, Buenos Aires, Florence, London, Madrid, Paris, Prague, Sydney, Tel Aviv, and Washington, D.C. As of the most recent admissions cycle, NYU received 75,037 applications for its undergraduate programs, making it the most sought after private institution for higher education in the United States. In 2018, NYU was ranked amongst the top 30 universities internationally by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, and U.S. News & World Report.Alumni include heads of state, royalty, eminent scientists, inventors and entrepreneurs, media figures, founders and CEOs of Fortune 500 companies, and astronauts. As of 2017, 36 Nobel Laureates, 7 Turing Award winners, 5 Fields Medalists, over 30 Academy Award winners, over 30 Pulitzer Prize winners, and hundreds of members of the National Academies of Sciences and United States Congress have been affiliated as faculty or alumni. Globally, NYU is ranked 7th by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings for producing alumni who are millionaires, and 4th by Wealth-X for producing ultra high net-worth and billionaire alumni.